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Hatfield remembered, twenty years on

Twenty years ago, on 17 October 2000, a train derailed just south of Hatfield station while travelling at around 115mph.  Four people died, 70 were injured.

The accident was caused by rolling-contact fatigue (metal fatigue) of the left-hand rail, which broke as the train passed over it.

Railtrack (the private infrastructure operator) and Balfour Beatty (the contractor responsible for track maintenance on that line) were found guilty of breaching health and safety laws. Railtrack was forced by the government into administration, and publicly owned Network Rail was established. One of its first acts was to take track maintenance away from private contractors and bring it in house. Safety standard have risen since that time.

Now, on the anniversary of that fateful crash, trade union TSSA has concerns that Network Rail’s current Putting Passengers First (PPF) project could lead to divergent and lower safety standards and is calling for consistent standards to be followed at all times.

Photos credit: ORR.

Manuel Cortes, TSSA general Secretary, said: “On this anniversary of the Hatfield crash, we remember the victims of the disaster and we send our condolences to their relatives whose lives were shattered by their loss.

“Hatfield must be a constant reminder of the failure of rail privatisation. The safety of passengers is too important to leave to the market. Hatfield happened because penny pinching private companies who put the interests of their shareholders before those of the travelling public resulted in poor maintenance practices. Profit was put before safety. 

“The takeover of Britain’s rail infrastructure by publicly owned Network Rail took the profit motive out of maintaining and running our tracks, and since then safety standards have dramatically improved. But we must remain vigilant.

“Just over a year ago we saw the tragic deaths of two Network Rail maintenance workers at Margam, near Port Talbot in South Wales. Progress has since been made when it comes to keeping people safe working on the tracks, with downward trends in the use of unassisted lookouts and more technology to drive safer solutions.

“However, risks to track workers remain too high, with many near misses and we have ongoing concerns that Network Rail’s devolution project ‘Putting Passengers First (PPF)’ will lead to divergent safety standards across the railway.

“Together we must keep pushing for ever greater progress to save lives.”

Rail regulator the Office of Rail and Road (ORR) also marked the occasion. HM Chief Inspector of Railways, Ian Prosser CBE, said: “Our thoughts and prayers are with the families and loved ones of those who tragically lost their lives and were injured 20 years ago today in the Hatfield train derailment.

“We also remember the many people in the railway family, including our own inspectors, who played a part in the response that day and subsequent investigation that took place to ensure lessons were learned.

“Significant improvements to safety have been made since, and partly as a result of, Hatfield and the railway today is one of the safest in Europe. This bears testimony to the great efforts made across the industry over the past decades.”

Mark Phillips, chief executive officer of RSSB (the former Rail Safety and Standards Board), commented: “Back then, I was based at Railtrack’s East Anglia region and, along with others, I supported the initial response by going to the site that day. To bear witness to the aftermath of a major derailment, which had caused loss of life, was chilling and saddening. But then what follows is a sense of focussed determination to get to the bottom of what went wrong.

“Key lessons from Hatfield have been learned and re-learned. Broken rails have fallen from a 40-year average of 750 a year to an eight-year average of around 150. Asset data is monitored closely and risk-based interventions can be made by infrastructure managers.

“Significant progress has been made in making the railways safer than they were 20 years ago. This includes better crashworthiness of rolling stock, improvements to operational safety, signalling and control systems.

“Additionally, there have been big improvements in the way the rail industry works collaboratively across company boundaries to improve safety performance—a common uniting goal. There is a shared commitment to monitor the risk, to use research and analysis to get to the underlying causes of problems and identify solutions.

“Today we remember the tragedy, its impact on human life, the lessons that we learned, and our ongoing determination to improve safety on our railways together.”

Two new Black Country railway stations receive planning approval

Planning permission has been granted for two new railway stations on the Walsall to Wolverhampton line, marking a major milestone in the project to restore passenger services to this part of the Black Country.

The stations at Darlaston and Willenhall will offer local residents vastly improved connections to Wolverhampton, Walsall and Birmingham New Street stations when they open in 2023.

Now that approval has been obtained from Walsall Council’s planning committee, the project can move forward to the next stage. An invitation to tender has been issued for construction of the stations, with a view to appointing a contractor by next spring.

Andy Street, Mayor of the West Midlands, said:  “Restoring passenger services to the Walsall to Wolverhampton railway line is a critical part of our transport strategy for the West Midlands, and we have taken another step towards achieving that vision by securing planning approval for these new stations at Darlaston and Willenhall. We are now looking to get work underway as soon as possible, and our search for a construction contractor has already begun.

“People have been waiting a long time to see services restored, and these better connections will be a catalyst for regeneration in this part of the Black Country. As well as unlocking land for industrial and housing development and improving transport links across the region, the construction of the two stations will provide work for local people at this difficult time, helping to protect and create new jobs in the West Midlands.”

Willenhall Station will be sited next to the Bilston Street railway bridge close to the town centre, while Darlaston Station, which will include a 300-space car park, will be built on derelict land next to the Kendricks Road bridge.

Passenger trains last called at stations in Willenhall and Darlaston more than 50 years ago and the line between Walsall and Wolverhampton has been used only by freight services since 2008.

Earlier this year agreement was reached with Network Rail for the operation of an hourly service between Walsall and Wolverhampton and an hourly service between Birmingham New Street and Wolverhampton to call at the stations.

Deputy leader of Walsall Council, Cllr Adrian Andrew, said: “This is massive step forward for the borough and the new stations will open up huge new opportunities for people to visit Willenhall and Darlaston and importantly open up regional and national opportunities for jobs, education and leisure for local people of all ages.

“These pieces in the jigsaw of regenerating our borough are a game changer for many communities”

Lubricants firm supports world’s first preserved railway

The world’s first preserved railway is one of 50 heritage and steam railways across the UK that is receiving support from a leading independent lubricants company.

The seven-mile Talyllyn Railway, which has been running for 155 years from Tywyn on the Mid Wales coast, is approaching the 70th anniversary of the formation of Talyllyn Railway Preservation Society in October.

The railway provided the inspiration for the creation of the fictional character ‘Thomas the Tank Engine’ by author the Rev WV Awdry, who was an early volunteer on the Talyllyn.

Like many other railways across the UK, train services on the Talyllyn closed for 20 weeks from 20 March due to the COVID-19 pandemic. To support these railways through the challenging time, Shrewsbury-based Morris Lubricants launched a Heritage Railway Support Scheme in April.

Railways were invited to apply to the scheme explaining why they needed support and how Morris Lubricants could help. The response was excellent, leading to the company agreeing support packages, including discounted or free lubricants and promotional material, for 50 railways.

One of those to receive support is Talyllyn Railway. Morris Lubricants’ executive chairman Andrew Goddard and rail and heritage account manager Keiron Thorogood paid a visit to Tywyn to present lubricants and promotional signs to the railway’s general manager, Stuart Williams, and his team.

They were also treated to a private train journey along the scenic line to Nant Gwernol, buried deep in the mountains above Abergynolwyn.

“It’s a delight to be working with a successful company that shares our enthusiasm and passion for heritage railways and is looking to support us in such challenging times,” said Stuart Williams. “This support scheme has come at just the right time.”

He explained that the railway had been very busy since reopening to passengers last month. Trains, which are limited to 13 compartments due to social distancing to keep passengers safe, are running at 90% capacity, matching the same time last year, and advance bookings for September are very promising.

Due to passenger demand, the railway will continue running daily trains until the end of November and also run a tinsel and turkey service every Wednesday during December. In 2021, trains resume the first week of February and run through to the end of March when a daily service returns.

Morris Lubricants has worked closely with steam heritage workshops during its 150-year history and has great experience in formulating lubricants specifically for the sector.

“Morris Lubricants has a long tradition of supplying these railways with our top-quality steam lubricants,” said Andrew Goddard. “We particularly want to reward the loyalty of our existing heritage railway customers and I am pleased to report that the support scheme has attracted others, like Talyllyn Railway, to use our products.

“As Talyllyn is the world’s first preserved railway, it’s an honour to support such a well-run and managed establishment and we look forward to developing our relationship for many years to come.

“It is vitally important to the nation that we keep these heritage railways operational. You only have to stand on a station platform and watch children being mesmerised by the sight of a steam engine to understand just how special they are. If we don’t support them, they will be gone, never to return.”

Andrew, his brother Edward, managing director of sister company, Morris Leisure, and their parents, David and Diana Goddard, are avid steam enthusiasts, owning traction engines and steam vehicles, including a 1931 Sentinel Steam Waggon.  

Morris Lubricants has developed a range of bespoke products to keep steam and heritage vehicles fully operational, from small-scale steam engines, road locomotives and steam wagons to ploughing engines, diesel and steam locomotives and rolling stock.

Contemporary products have been specially formulated to meet and exceed the requirements of present-day operating conditions and ensure outstanding resistance to rust, corrosion, wear and oxidation.

Picture caption: Morris Lubricants’ executive chairman Andrew Goddard and the company’s heritage account manager Keiron Thorogood with Chris Smith from Talyllyn Railway.

This article first appeared in Lubrinews, Morris Lubricants’ exclusive newsletter, and is used here with permission.

Porterbrook wins with HydroFLEX

BusinessGreen’s Transport Project of the Year award has gone to Porterbrook for the UK’s first hydrogen train, HydroFLEX.

The HydroFLEX train ran on the mainline tracks for the first time only a few weeks ago following almost two years’ development work and more than £1million of investment by both Porterbrook and the University of Birmingham.

Hydrogen-powered trains, unlike diesel trains,  do not emit harmful gases, instead using hydrogen and oxygen to produce electricity, water and heat. The ground-breaking technology behind the trains will also be available by 2023 to retrofit current in-service trains to hydrogen helping decarbonise the rail network and make rail journeys greener and more efficient.

Mary Grant, CEO of Porterbrook, said: “We are delighted to have won BusinessGreen’s Transport Project of the Year for our pioneering hydrogen train, HydroFLEX. The work we have done with the University of Birmingham has been ground-breaking in terms of zero-emissions transport. At Porterbrook we take our responsibility for de-carbonising the railways very seriously and this award only bolsters our motivation to keep innovating.”

HydroFLEX is able to run in bi-mode operations meaning it can use electric overhead supplies as well as run independently on hydrogen.

The next stages of HydroFLEX are already well underway, as the University of Birmingham develops a hydrogen and battery powered module that can be fitted underneath the train, which will allow for more space for passengers in the train’s carriage.

New Cloud-based platform will help drive innovation in infrastructure

To drive better, faster and greener delivery of infrastructure, Costain has worked together with key partner SAP, as well as the Transport Infrastructure Efficiency Strategy Living Lab (TIES Living Lab) consortium of industry leading enterprises, such as Transport for London (TfL), East West Rail Company, HS2 and Network Rail, to create a demonstrator for a new cloud-based digital platform called the Intelligent Infrastructure Control Centre (IICC).

This will harmonise the vast quantities of intelligence that UK infrastructure projects generate and drive greater productivity and resilience through the capture of efficiency and innovation. This will contribute to a radical culture change in how the industry designs and delivers projects and will offer a completely different way of managing operations that will save money and time.

The IICC takes comprehensive operational data from an infrastructure project portfolio and then synthesises the information onto one platform. At a project level this data is essential to effectively manage operations. At an enterprise level it informs numerous processes including budgeting, talent acquisition and external reporting. For organisations with responsibility for national infrastructure across the UK, complete visibility of enterprise performance is a fundamental the IICC system can deliver.

One of the first initiatives to come out of the TIES Living Lab, a partnership between UK Government and leading infrastructure companies with funding from the Industrial Strategy Challenge Fund, delivered by UK Research and Innovation, the IICC can be used across all sectors and industries.

Tim Embley, director of research, innovation and development at smart infrastructure solutions company Costain explains: “Many of our clients across all the sectors we work in, whether it be energy, defence, water or transportation, face challenges with having consistent and accurate data on critical factors such as commercial, carbon, safety, as well as complete cost transparency. But of course optimising the design, delivery and operation of infrastructure schemes requires access to the right data at the right time to help inform decision making and look for opportunities to increase the whole life value of any programme or asset, including things like social value which can sometimes remain hidden.

“Within the system you can bring different data sets to life – what gets collated and tracked is decided collaboratively with the client. It brings full data transparency to empower the key decision makers. With its built-in analytics functionality it can also literally predict the future. Where data isn’t easily available, it uses artificial intelligence to deep mine the existing data to manufacture data that means you can start to predict the outcomes and look at scenarios and decisions that are going to be made. This helps reduce the unknowns and significantly reduces risk, thereby cutting costs, increasing efficiency and giving greater delivery certainty.”

Neil Robertson, chief executive of National Skills Academy for Rail (NSAR) and TIES Living Lab programme lead says: “It’s hard to build or maintain a piece of transport infrastructure. A lot can go wrong, and it frequently does, so improving the information available and turning them into insight as well as foresight is incredibly useful. One of the potentials of the IICC is that we see things before they take a turn in a certain direction and the anticipation of problems is a real gamechanger.”

Francesco De Toma, head of construction and real estate advisory at SAP, says: “The IICC will provide organisations with a real-time view of what’s happening with their data, enabling them to make fast, effective and targeted decisions.

“Costain was looking for ways to bring added value to its customers. Thanks to the latest business technology platforms they can implement new business models, enjoy faster time to innovate and scale applications quickly from project to enterprise level through a system agnostic approach.”

Another issue faced at both a company and industry level is that of ‘innovation siloes’, where great ideas can become buried and are not shared. This represents a huge loss of potential value. Using the IICC, innovations can be identified and transferred on a live basis. For example, there could be an innovation on the A14 where the use of 3D machine control has achieved 30% savings on the earthworks. Network Rail might be looking for some efficiency savings on a big new railway project, something like HS2, and could achieve 30% efficiency savings through the earthworks with the same innovation.

Tim Embley adds: “The data collated into the TIES Living Lab’s IICC will make it easier for organisations to understand and shape the business case for investing in and adopting that innovation elsewhere. This means it can be transferred more seamlessly from one supply chain or sector to another, helping to drive those savings at scale a lot more quickly than ever before. This means more success for owners and operators of infrastructure and ultimately better results for our communities who need the critical infrastructure.”

Costain’s chief digital officer, Nathan Marsh, believes rapid industry transformation is now on the cards: “The IICC brings together our deep domain experience and technology integration expertise with the unbelievable firepower in the sort of things that infrastructure needs like data visualisation, predictive analytics, machine learning, coding and customer intimacy from partners like SAP. They are working in other industries so not only bring a fresh perspective and challenge ways of doing things, they bring insights from those industries so we can benefit from lessons learned and innovate faster.

“What we’ll see in the infrastructure sector, as this technology becomes embedded, is very rapid transformation: better data ensuring better, faster and greener delivery of infrastructure that will improve productivity and build resilience across the sector.”

To learn more about the new IICC platform, listen to the Engineering Matters podcast ‘Weaving a new data fabric for Infrastructure‘

Essential upgrades planned for Great Eastern main line

Network Rail is planning a number of vital upgrades on the line between Norwich and London.

Works will be taking place at various points on the line between Ipswich and London at weekends from 17 October to 22 November, including:

  • The replacement of 4 switches and crossings units, which allow trains to switch from one track to another at Colchester;
  • Replacement of worn track at Manningtree;
  • At Stratford and Maryland, works will take place to upgrade the overhead line electrification with a new auto tension system that adapts to temperature changes;
  • Upgrades to the power systems between London and Shenfield as part of the preparation for the start of Elizabeth line services.

The work is necessary to reduce delays and cancellations on the busy main line, which is a vital part of Anglia’s rail network. Delays on this line have a knock-on effect on branch lines, so passengers across the region will benefit from the upgrades.

Network Rail’s route director for Anglia, Ellie Burrows, said: “The main line to London is a critical part of the rail network in the Anglia region. We’re committed to improving reliability for our passengers and these upgrades are vital to making that happen, not just between Norwich and London but also for the connecting branch lines.”

Jamie Burles, Greater Anglia Manging Director, said: “These works will help to improve punctuality and performance along this vital part of the line.

“We will be running a rail replacement bus service while the work takes place. Passengers should check before they travel, allow more time for their journey and wear a face covering when travelling by train or rail replacement bus. We would like to reassure customers that we constantly monitor passenger numbers to ensure people can socially distance on buses as well as trains.

“We would like to thank customers for their patience while this work takes place.”

Scotland’s Kintore station (re)opens

The town of Kintore in Aberdeenshire has re-joined Scotland’s Railway after an absence of 56 years with the opening of the town’s new station.

The two-platform station is fully accessible with step-free access between platforms via a footbridge with lifts. Built by Network Rail and main contractor BAM Nuttall, it has extensive car parking – including disabled and electric charging bays – and bike storage.

With 24 of the 168 parking spaces fitted with electric charging points, Kintore station is now the largest electric vehicle charging place in the north east of Scotland. It is connected to the local bus network and also links into the Inverurie-Kintore cycle path.

The new station will be served by up to 28 ScotRail trains each day – including refurbished high-speed Inter7City trains. Customers will benefit from a half hourly service at peak times Monday to Saturday, and an hourly service on Sundays.

Funded by Transport Scotland, Aberdeenshire Council and Nestrans, the new station reconnects Kintore to rail for the first time since 1964 when the original 1854-built station closed as part of the Beeching cuts. Elements of the original station, including heritage benches and salvaged signs, have been reincorporated into the new facility.

Reopening Kintore has been made possible by the recently completed Aberdeen-Inverness Improvement Project which doubled the track between Aberdeen and Inverurie – increasing capacity for new passenger and freight services on the route.

Kris Kinnear, Network Rail Scotland’s capital delivery director, said: “We’re committed to working alongside the Scottish Government to open up our railway to as many communities as possible across Scotland.

“This station will create new social and economic opportunities for people in Kintore and we are pleased to have been able to deliver the new facility for the town.

“The north east’s rail network has benefited from significant investment over the last five years to increase capacity and create more flexible journeys for passengers.”

David Simpson, ScotRail operations director, said: “It’s fantastic to see trains call at the station for the first time in almost 60 years.

“Customers in Kintore can now benefit from a fast and frequent service to Aberdeen and Inverness, which will be transformational for the town and the surrounding area for years to come.”

Nissar Mohammed, BAM Nuttall operations director rail, said: “The opening of Kintore Station is one of the final pieces of the jigsaw puzzle for Network Rail and BAM in our efforts to transform rail connectivity between Aberdeen and Inverness. Kintore Station offers local commuters the chance to travel in speed and comfort into Aberdeen in less than 20 minutes and onwards to the rest of the rail network.

“Alongside our work to dual the line between Aberdeen and Inverurie, this new station is the culmination of over five years work to make rail the transport option of choice for people living and working in North East Scotland. I’m very proud of BAM and the rest of the ‘Scotland’s Railway’ team and I know that rail customers will benefit from their work for years to come.”

Railway Industry Association calls for greater clarity

In its submission to the Spending Review, the Railway Industry Association (RIA) urges the government for greater clarity over its support for the sector in ‘building back better’.

The submission from RIA calls for:

  • The immediate publication of the Williams Review and the Rail Network Enhancements Pipeline (RNEP), to give certainty to the industry on structure and infrastructure plans;
  • The organisation of a Rolling Stock Summit, to bring together key industry players to develop a long-term plan for the UK train fleet, including smoothing the volatility of the market, digitalisation, decarbonisation and innovation;
  • Support longer-term Control Period style funding settlements for devolved transport bodies, that allow the rail industry to continue key work.

RIA chief executive Darren Caplan said: “The Government’s Spending Review offers an opportunity to place rail at the heart of the ‘Build Back Better’ agenda. To do so the sector needs clarity and certainty on how the industry will change over the coming years, and future investment plans.

“We are yet to see the much-awaited Williams Review White Paper, and it has now been a year since the Rail Network Enhancements Pipeline was last updated, giving rail businesses visibility of what upgrade projects are being planned. Rail can support the UK’s economic recovery, but to do so it needs clear direction from Government.

“The supply chain does have capacity which is not currently being used, so our sector is offering a solution to the Government not a problem. If the Government acts urgently on this, the results will be seen for the next five years, at a time when rebooting UK plc, its economy and transport infrastructure connectivity, will be of the highest priority.

“In its submission to the Spending Review RIA also calls for a Rolling Stock Summit to bring together the key players in the industry. For many years, the rail sector has not had a clear, effective rolling stock strategy, meaning there has been little planning of train orders, leading to significant volatility in the market. As we face the challenge of decarbonising and digitalising our train fleet, it is more vital than ever that the industry come together to develop a long term plan for rolling stock investment, that gets the balance right between refurbished and new trains. We hope that all will join our call for a Summit that sets out a plan to deliver for customers, the industry and the economy.”

RIA’s full submission to the Spending Review can be found here

Resilience plans for railway at Teignmouth to be refined

Network Rail’s plans to improve resilience along a vital 1.8km stretch of railway in the South West will be refined following substantial feedback from the community, passengers and businesses.

Over 1,600 people responded to a six-week public consultation on proposals for the line between Parson’s Tunnel and Teignmouth in Devon, which is bordered by steep cliffs on one side and the sea on the other.

Current plans would see the track realigned to create space to stabilise the hazardous cliffs and protect the railway for future generations. A realigned coastal footpath would also be built, along with a new landward path and accessible footbridge across the railway.

Holcombe beach will have a new fully accessible ramp.

Earlier this year, a second round of consultation on the proposals saw more than 2,840 people attend 11 community events at which a 10-metre-long scale model of the scheme was on display. Since the first round of consultation in 2019, the plans had been revised to retain more of the beach and improve leisure access.

Key findings from the 2020 consultation include:

  • 73 per cent of people agreed/strongly agreed that this stretch of railway needs to be more resilient, with 13 per cent disagreeing/strongly disagreeing and 14 per cent undecided.
  • 41 per cent of people agree/strongly agree with Network’s Rails proposals for improved resilience, with 51 per cent disagreeing/strongly disagreeing and eight per cent undecided.
  • More than half (54 per cent) of people supported or strongly supported the creation of a new coastal path and amenity

The 2020 consultation saw an increase of more than 1,200 attendees and 1,100 responses from the 2019 events

Network Rail now plans to refine the proposals after analysing the 1,605 responses from the second round. The consultation asked people to provide further comments on the plans and/or give feedback on how they could be improved.

More than 2,100 comments were received on issues ranging from the construction timeline and impact on the environment to loss of heritage features and effect on the local economy.

The updated plans means large parts of Teignmouth beach is unaffected.

Mike Gallop, Network Rail’s director for the Western route, said: “We would like to thank everyone who responded – we have read and reviewed every single comment. We received some good and considered feedback which can positively influence our plans, and it is important that we get this significant scheme right.

“As a result of the feedback we are now refining the plans even further with a view to then sharing these revisions with the public next year. We’ll now spend the next few months working through this detail, once we have our refined plans we will schedule a further round of public consultation in 2021.

“This means that we won’t be applying for a Transport and Works Act order to seek consent for the scheme this year as we had previously indicated in early communications. We will only proceed to this stage when we’ve done this further work and engagement.”

Siemens Mobility’s Bogie Service Centre overhauls 500th bogie

Lincoln’s UK Bogie Service Centre has reached a significant milestone with the completion of its 500th bogie overhaul.

The Siemens Mobility facility services bogies from all of the Siemens UK train fleet. The 500th bogie serviced came from a Velaro Eurostar e320 high speed train.

Sambit Banerjee, Siemens Mobility managing director, said: “The completion of the 500th bogie overhaul is a real milestone and achievement and a reflection of the hard work by our team of highly skilled rail technicians.

“The changes and upgrades we’ve introduced make the facility even more efficient. Ultimately this is all about increasing value sustainably over the train’s lifecycle and providing customers with a reduced cost combined with the very best service.”

Opened in November 2018, the £8 million centre has a team of 62 employees – including 44 skilled technicians – performing premium train maintenance in short turnaround times, guaranteeing customers a high-quality service by reducing the period trains are out of service for overhauls.

Bogie Service Centre.

Siemens Mobility has made significant investments in the facility over the last year, including installing new Mechan bogie lift stands, making the overhaul process safer and more efficient. Improvements to maintenance procedures have increased throughput of bogies, with 2020 seeing the Bogie Service Centre more than double the output of the previous year.

A new condition assessment area has also been created, enabling technicians to conduct a full strip down, clean and service of the bogie and assess its components in a controlled setting. This helps improve understanding of the mileage extensions that need to be applied to each bogie, reducing costs and increasing value for the customer.

Siemens Mobility’s investment in the centre marked a key milestone in the company’s growing UK rail footprint, which continues to expand with the construction of a new £200 million train manufacturing plant in nearby Goole, East Riding of Yorkshire. The facility, which is due to open in 2023, will manufacture and commission new generation trains and is set to create 700 skilled jobs.

The Bogie Service Centre complements Siemens Mobility’s well-established installed base of over 550 trains and network of purpose-built maintenance facilities in the UK, plus wider activities in electrification, signalling and train control technologies.

Hatfield remembered, twenty years on

Twenty years ago, on 17 October 2000, a train derailed just south of Hatfield station while travelling at around 115mph.  Four people...